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|Title:||The 'Other' Energy Crisis and Economic Development: The Role of Noncommercial Fuels in Indian Subsistence Agriculture (Fuelwood, Biogas, Household Production Resources; India)|
|Department / Program:||Economics|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Abstract:||A neglected aspect in the study of energy and economic development in LDCs is the role of noncommercial fuels, such as fuelwood, dung and crop wastes, in the subsistence household's decision-making process. This dissertation has attempted to redress this deficiency and in the process fill the gap between studies on discussing and evaluating the impact of oil crises on LDCs and those on different energy technologies and systems. Moreover, this study serves as a useful introduction to the 'other' energy crisis. The latter for many subsistence agricultural economies is the energy crisis and is defined simply as the growing scarcity of noncommercial fuels. Finally, the importance of this dissertation stems from a recognition of the 'other' energy crisis and its subsequent impact on development and policy. The major thrust of this dissertation has been to analyze, assess and evaluate the dimensions of, and solutions to, the 'other' energy crisis in India. While relying mainly on descriptive statistics, obtained from different village and household energy surveys, correlation analysis and multiple regression techniques are also used. The major conclusions are outlined below.
First, using household production theory, it can be shown theoretically that noncommercial fuels, used basically as a source of cooking energy, could be incorporated into a rural subsistence household's labor allocation, production and consumption behavior. Second, while Indian consumption of noncommercial fuels is determined by the socio-economic conditions in the rural subsistence household, the supply and mix is dependent on the ecological and agricultural resource base and use in and around villages. Third, if the chief aim of energy and economic policy is to provide a smooth transition from noncommercial to other fuels, particularly in an era of uncertain fossil fuel availability and cost, 'new' energy technologies and systems in India have met with limited success, and sometimes failed in this regard. Finally, this dissertation throws out the implication that an analysis of all rural energy problems and their subsequent solutions must begin with a serious understanding of the rural subsistence economy and farming systems.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1985.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-16|