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Title:Investigation of the Acoustics of Plucked String Tones Based on the Analysis of Their Time-Varying Spectra
Author(s):Chen, Kwok-Ping John
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Beauchamp, James W.
Department / Program:Music
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Physics, Acoustics
Abstract:This research investigates two aspects of the time-varying vibration patterns of plucked string tones of classical guitar, Chinese pipa and Chinese ch'in. First, the assumption that horizontal and vertical frequencies and decay rates may be different is used as a basis for classifying the partial amplitude envelopes into four types. It is found that the partial envelopes of the tones produced by the three instruments, using the finger tip excitation method, on a single undamped string, can be described in terms of these four types. The results show that ch'in tones contain Type III, and IV, guitar tones contain Type I, II and III, and pipa tones contain all four types with a higher percentage of Type III and IV. Second, the theories of "missing modes" (Young, 1800), (Benade, 1976) and delayed generation of these modes (Fletcher, 1984), (Hall, 1987) are re-examined experimentally. The edge of a conventional guitar pick is used to excite a single undamped string on a classical guitar at nodal position N which is L/N from the bridge. As a result, it is a consistent feature that any mode whose index n is a multiple of N is attenuated during the attack phase but subsequently rises with a more gradual attack to reach a significant peak amplitude, except for the first multiple of locations L/3 to L/7. This amplitude envelope pattern, Type V, which is only applicable when the pick-edge excitation method is used, is distinct from the other four types mentioned above.
Issue Date:1988
Description:111 p.
Thesis (D.M.A.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1988.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8908649
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-16
Date Deposited:1988

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