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Title:The Relationship of Perceived Social Competence to Leisure Participation, Leisure Satisfaction, and Life Satisfaction in Older Adults
Author(s):Sneegas, Janiece Joy
Department / Program:Leisure Studies
Discipline:Leisure Studies
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Recreation
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of perceived social competence to leisure participation, leisure satisfaction, and life satisfaction in older adults. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect data from a random sample of 393 men and women. Participants ranged in age from 41 years to 86 years with a mean age of 59 years.
Data were analyzed using recursive causal modeling and path analysis (essentially a series of multiple regression analyses). Findings indicated that age negatively influenced health while income positively influenced health and life satisfaction. Health contributed to perceptions of social competence and to levels of leisure participation. Perceptions of social competence were found to affect levels of leisure participation and leisure satisfaction. Levels of leisure participation were related to both leisure satisfaction and life satisfaction. Leisure satisfaction also contributed to life satisfaction. It was concluded that perceptions of social competence affect leisure participation and leisure satisfaction, thereby affecting life satisfaction of older adults.
Implications of these findings are important for leisure service delivery providers including therapeutic recreation professionals. Greater emphasis should be placed on the social aspects of leisure involvement and on the social abilities and perceptions of participants. There is a need to develop programs and methods influencing self-perceptions of social competence for a variety of clients.
Further research should be conducted to examine the possible reciprocal nature of the relationships of the variables included in this study. A more detailed inquiry as to how health affected perceived social competence is also needed. In addition, further study concerning the origins of social competence should be pursued.
Issue Date:1985
Type:Text
Description:121 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1985.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/70938
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8521882
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-16
Date Deposited:1985


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