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Title:Funding Criteria as an Impediment to the Reintegrative Model in Community Based Corrections for Juveniles: A Casestudy
Author(s):Tanner, James Lee
Department / Program:Sociology
Discipline:Sociology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Sociology, Criminology and Penology
Abstract:The purpose of this project was two-fold: (1) to provide an example of the impact of an extra-agency factor upon community based corrections, thereby (2) demonstrating the importance of including extra-agency factors in the research design of evaluative research examining community based corrections. Toward this end, the reintegration model of corrections was chosen to test the impact of funding upon its implementation within correctional agencies.
A modified panel study was conducted examining two community based correctional agencies in Wichita, Kansas. The agencies program integrity was examined both before and after three major shifts in funding criteria during the period 1973-1981. Participant Observation, Document Analysis, and Unstructured Interviews were utilized to gather the data used in the analysis. The data gathered concerned both Funding Criteria and Agency Organization and Composition. The effects of shifts from LEAA grant funding to the funding under Title XX of the Social Security Act were examined as well as shifts to a funding system peculiar to Kansas.
The study found that funding criteria stressing "accountability"^on the part of the community based corrections agencies caused^the agencies to deviate from their reintegration oriented program activities and embrace the rehabilitation model of corrections. Three of the dissertation's chapters offer a detailed description of how this shift in correctional models transpired. The consequences of the funding criteria are examined and determined to be unanticipated. An explanation of how these unanticipated consequences emerged is offered utilizing Merton's (1936) Immediacy of Interest and Basic Values arguments.
The study concludes with an argument for the inclusion of extra-agency variables to be utilized in evaluation research of communitybased corrections agencies. In addition, the study argues that thepush for accountability within social service funding may be leadingto the suppression of the very services the funds are intended to produce. Research focusing too heavily upon quantitative data may actually inhibit program integrity within reintegrative programs, thereby rendering invalid any findings concerning the implementation of reintegrative ideology in social service programs.
Reference
Merton, Robert K., "The Unanticipated Consequences of PurposiveSocial Action" American Sociological Review, 1936 vol 1 pages894-904.
Issue Date:1982
Type:Text
Description:254 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1982.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/70989
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8209633
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-16
Date Deposited:1982


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