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Title:Antecedents and Consequences of Community Satisfaction Among Metropolitan - to - Nonmetropolitan Migrants in the Midwest: A Test of Alternative Explanations
Author(s):Glasgow, Nina
Department / Program:Sociology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Sociology, General
Abstract:Recent migratory shifts from metropolitan to nonmetropolitan communities of the United States have stimulated increased interest in community satisfaction research. Impacts of turnaround migration presumably will hinge on how satisfied immigrants are with nonmetropolitan communities, which are often markedly different from metropolitan, origin communities. The state of knowledge of community satisfaction provides few insights into these relationships, however, since much of what is known regarding community satisfaction has been based on samples composed predominantly of longer-term community residents. Little is known about the influences on or consequences of community satisfaction among metropolitan-to-nonmetropolitan migrants. To help fill this research gap, the study examined community satisfaction among a sample of 501 metropolitan origin migrants in 75 high net inmigration nonmetropolitan counties of the North Central Region.
The study's major objective was to test an expanded causal model of community satisfaction antecedents and consequences among the migrants. Past community satisfaction studies have been limited to a structural approach, with scant attention given to antecedents other than personal, life-cycle, and residence characteristics. The additional need to examine social psychological determinants of community satisfaction had been suggested. This concern was addressed by integrating elements of social psychological and structural explanations of community satisfaction. Measures were also introduced to determine what effect structural changes accompanying the move had on immigrants' community satisfaction. Moreover, beyond establishing the link between community satisfaction and decisions to migrate, consequences of community satisfaction were relatively uninvestigated. This research, thus, examined relationships of community satisfaction to mobility and community change orientations.
Social psychological attributes affected community satisfaction, to support the formulation that perceptions of one's residential living experiences affect community satisfaction. Except for the extended positive effect of age, the set of several structural attributes was unrelated to satisfaction. One structural change variable--size of place change--significantly effected community satisfaction. The expected negative relations were found from community satisfaction to mobility intentions and support for community change.
Generally, social psychological factors were more important than structural and structural change attributes in determining community satisfaction. Moreover, community impacts of turnaround migration are, indeed, likely to stem from immigrants' community satisfaction.
Issue Date:1982
Description:162 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1982.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8302864
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-16
Date Deposited:1982

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