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|Title:||Modernization and Differential Fertility in Ethiopia - a Multivariate Analysis|
|Department / Program:||Sociology|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Abstract:||Not much is known about the demographic situation of Ethiopia. In the absence of a national census and vital registration system, demographic data is still scanty. The sources for the available data and their limitations are discussed. The country has been experiencing high levels of fertility but studies on fertility differentials are non-existent. Drawing on the experience of other developing countries, an attempt is made to examine fertility differentials by using a simple measure of fertility, the child-woman ratio.
Based on the results of national sample surveys, this dissertation explores the social and demographic factors that influenced fertility differentials in Ethiopia around 1970, employing multiple regression and path analysis. More specifically, the study involves 74 urban areas and 13 provinces (rural populations only) and attempts to explore the extent to which modernization as measured by urbanization, education and proportion of females married at ages 20-24 contributes to variations in fertility. The variables chosen are those which emphasize the distribution of modern characteristics in the population and change rapidly during the early stages of modernization or development.
The study is guided by the basic assumptions of demographic transition and development theories which state that fertility begins to decline in the course of modernization and development. The results show that the country is approaching the threshold of the second transitional stage in the process of demographic change.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1985.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-16|