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Title:An Evaluation of the Effects of a Cardiovascular Health Education Program
Author(s):Hoadley, Michael Ray
Department / Program:Health and Safety Education
Discipline:Health and Safety Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Health
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of a cardiovascular health education curriculum known as Body Power, which was developed by the Chicago Heart Association.
Measures were taken at pre-test, post-test, and follow-up one year after completion of the program. Subjects for this study included 1,599 matched students who participated in all three phases of the questionnaire administration. Subjects were originally enrolled in the sixth grade. Final analysis included 667 students in the experimental group and 932 in the control group.
A refined version of the original Student Health Questionnaire was used to assess the effects of the program. Subscale measures included the areas of knowledge (KNOW), self-esteem (SELF), behavior consequence importance rating (BCIR), smoking (SMOKE), exercise (EXERC), and nutrition (NUTRIT).
The research design for the study was an adaptation of a true control group design. Subjects were randomly assigned to the control and experimental groups according to their classroom.
One factor analysis of variance was computed for each of the subscale mean composite scores to determine significance of difference between the two groups. Two factor analysis of variance was computed to determine differences due to the interaction of group and/or time.
The major findings of this study were as follows: (1) Students in the experimental group obtained a higher mean composite score on each of the subscale sets of questions at the times of post-test and follow-up, in comparison to the students in the control group who were not exposed to the curriculum. (2) Positive changes were produced on all subscale mean composite scores, except the self-esteem subscale, from pre-test to post-test. Only the positive changes evident on the knowledge and nutrition subscales were retained during the follow-up phase. (3) Over time the Body Power program did not produce statistically significant differences between the experimental and control groups.
Based upon the results of this study, it was concluded that the Body Power program's initial success in effectively improving the mean composite scores on each of the subscales was not maintained on a long-term basis.
Issue Date:1982
Description:112 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1982.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8218486
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-16
Date Deposited:1982

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