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Title:An Evaluation of the Relationship Between Cognitive and Affective Taxonomic Outcomes of a University Personal Health Education Program (Knowledge, Attitudes, Locus of Control)
Author(s):Valois, Robert Francis, Jr.
Department / Program:Health and Safety Studies
Discipline:Health and Safety Studies
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Health
Abstract:The major objectives of this study were to determine the effects of a required course in personal health on the knowledge and attitudes of university students and to evaluate the relationship between the hierarchical levels of the Cognitive and Affective domains of the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives within the realm of Health Education.
Subjects in the study included 396 students from all classes of personal health comprising the experimental group and 110 students from four Math and two English classes as the control group, at Eastern Illinois University, spring semester, 1984.
A 138 item Personal Health Knowledge and Attitude instrument was utilized to assess cognitive and affective outcomes. The instrument was developed using the hierarchical structure of the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, cognitive and affective domains, for the topics of smoking, alcohol use, exercise, nutrition and stress management. The instrument was evaluated by a panel of experts and declared content and construct valid.
The research design for the study was a repeated measures pre-test, post-test experimental-control group design with subjects matched across time. Data analysis utilized separate three-way ANOVAS (time x group x sex) for cognitive and affective taxonomic subscales and also for total scale scores. An analysis of the affective subscale mean scores across four cognitive taxonomic levels was performed, followed by four univariate F-tests using Wilks Lambda (U-Statistic) to determine significant mean differences.
Results found subjects in the experimental group demonstrating greater personal health knowledge, and more positive attitudes and health behaviors than students in the control group over one semester. There was an overall sex difference for personal health knowledge and attitudes with females scoring higher than males. Results also indicated that a linear relationship existed between performance at higher levels of the cognitive and affective taxonomies, depicting an overall pattern of higher affective performance at higher levels of cognition.
This study concluded that the required Personal Health course at Eastern Illinois University is a valuable course of study and that it contributes to promoting healthier lifestyles for course participants. Based on the results of this study, it was also concluded that the hierarchical structure of the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives is a valuable model for planning, implementing and evaluating health education programs.
Issue Date:1985
Description:204 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1985.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8511682
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-16
Date Deposited:1985

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