Files in this item

FilesDescriptionFormat

application/pdf

application/pdf8908684.pdf (5MB)Restricted to U of Illinois
(no description provided)PDF

Description

Title:Physiological Studies on Nitrate Absorption and Accumulation in Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa L.) Genotypes
Author(s):Freiji, Fadi George
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Swiader, John M.
Department / Program:Horticulture
Discipline:Horticulture
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Biology, Plant Physiology
Abstract:Nitrate uptake by lettuce from nutrient solution over concentrations below 100 $\mu$M NO$\sb3\sp-$ showed a single-phase saturation pattern typical of Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The NO$\sb3\sp-$ uptake system was saturated at NO$\sb3\sp-$ concentrations between 40 and 90 $\mu$M, and exhibited relatively high net uptake capacity and high affinity for NO$\sb3\sp-$.
Initially, depletion of NO$\sb3\sp-$ was considerably slower in plants pretreated with minus-N solution ($-$N) for 45 hours before depletion than in plants continuously supplied with NO$\sb3\sp-$ (+N). Root NO$\sb3\sp-$ concentrations were significantly decreased by the $-$N pretreatment. Net NO$\sb3\sp-$ influx decreased while the root affinity for NO$\sb3\sp-$ increased with increasing plant age and lower root NO$\sb3\sp-$ concentrations. The data suggest that NO$\sb3\sp-$ uptake in lettuce is an efficient process inducible by internal NO$\sb3\sp-$. The results also support the hypothesis of allosteric regulation of NO$\sb3\sp-$ uptake by internal NO$\sb3\sp-$ concentration, and the contention that the NO$\sb3\sp-$ uptake carriers may exhibit gradual degradation during prolonged NO$\sb3\sp-$ deprivation.
Genetic variation in leaf NO$\sb3\sp-$ accumulation was evident among the four lettuce genotypes used. Leaf NO$\sb3\sp-$ accumulation in butterhead genotypes (but not in cos lettuce) decreased as organic N concentrations in the roots increased. Genotypic differences in leaf NO$\sb3\sp-$ accumulation, however, could not be explained on the basis of differences in root organic N concentration. Apparently, accumulation differences of NO$\sb3\sp-$ among genotypes were not solely the result of variation in their root reduction capacity. Nitrate levels in the leaves were not affected by the NO$\sb3\sp-$ partitioning pattern between the roots and leaves of the lettuce genotypes. A differential capacity for NO$\sb3\sp-$ uptake of whole plants was noted among cultivars which was consistent with their differential capacity to accumulate NO$\sb3\sp-$ in the leaves. All genotypes, however, had similar root uptake capacities.
It is proposed that root organic N concentration could be a good indicator of the leaf NO$\sb3\sp-$ accumulation potential in lettuce. However, breeding efforts should not focus only on increased production of organic N in the roots, but also on developing lettuce cultivars with relatively faster growth rates resulting in growth dilution of the NO$\sb3\sp-$ absorbed and translocated from the roots to the leaves.
Issue Date:1988
Type:Text
Description:125 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1988.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/71789
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8908684
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-16
Date Deposited:1988


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics