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|Title:||Photolytic Laser-Induced Chemical Vapor Deposition for Aluminum Film Growth|
|Author(s):||Gorbatkin, Steven Mark|
|Doctoral Committee Chair(s):||Greene, J.E.|
|Department / Program:||Metallurgy and Mining Engineering|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Subject(s):||Engineering, Materials Science|
|Abstract:||The mechanisms of UV photodissociation of trimethylaluminum (TMA) and triethylaluminum (TEA) by a KrF (248 nm) pulsed excimer laser were investigated using optical emission spectroscopy, including time-resolved emission measurements. Position-resolved growth rate measurements were used to investigate film growth kinetics during photolysis of TMA using 248 nm light, and deposited films were analyzed using in-situ Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, and resistivity measurements.
The optical emission spectroscopy experiments were used to determine that during photodissociation of TMA using 248 nm light, electronically excited Al and CH are produced directly in the gas phase without collisions. These results, combined with analysis of the deposited films and a thermodynamic analysis of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions involving TMA and Al(CH$\sb3$), lead to the conclusion that the primary precursors for film growth are photogenerated Al atoms which then diffuse to the substrate to condense and form a film.
The films, however, were found to be heavily contaminated with C (up to approximately 40 at%), which indicates other species, such as CH, were also precursors to film growth. The use of H$\sb2$ as a scavenger for gas-phase hydrocarbons and 248 nm pulsed surface irradiation during film growth were both found to be ineffective for reduction of C incorporation.
TEA was substituted for TMA to see if the CH formation channel was specific to TMA. CH production was suppressed, but not eliminated, and a new channel for the production of excited AlH was opened. Excited Al was also observed, and all three species were found by time-resolved emission measurements to be produced without collisions.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1987.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-16|
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Dissertations and Theses - Metallurgy and Mining Engineering
Graduate Dissertations and Theses at Illinois
Graduate Theses and Dissertations at Illinois