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|Title:||Policymaking in the Egyptian Olympic Committee|
|Author(s):||Sfeir, Leila Antoun|
|Department / Program:||Physical Education|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Abstract:||This study analyzes policymaking in the Egyptian Olympic Committee (EOC). Two prominent policies of the EOC are selected: preparing for the Olympic Games and boycotting the 1980 Olympic Games.
Multiple triangulation is used to overcome the lack of adequate theory and methodology in policy analysis. It implies the combination in one investigation of multiple sources of data, theoretical perspectives, and methods. Multiple sources of data are various documents (statutes, reports, and proceedings), and various interviews (semistructured and nonstructured). EOC policymakers belong to various organizations (EOC, Sport Federations, and government). Twenty-four of a total of 29 policymakers participated in the investigation. Multiple theoretical perspectives include descriptive accounts of the two policies, the search for universal issues, and strategic analysis. Finally, the methodology advanced as a "restricted phenomenology" grasps policymaking on the grounds of actors' perceptions and experiences.
The analysis uncovers organizational features of the EOC and affords general hypotheses about the policymaking process. It reveals that a sequential approach superficially describes the process and leads to a deterministic and mechanical view of organizational policy. Issues of power are the core of the EOC policymaking process. Political-religious forces constrain the actions of the policymakers who are not free to make independent Olympic policies. Organizational integration and autonomy are continuously threatened. Confrontation and disintegration are not so visible in a regular policy but become problematic in the boycott policy.
Finally, it is demonstrated that various strategies underlie the EOC policymaking process. Indeed, the actors can engage in strategies dependent on their power, the resources available, and the interests involved. The strategies identified are only suggestive and leave a notion of freedom. Bargaining strategies are dominant in a regular policy, while manipulative, disruptive, and dominative strategies prevail in the boycott policy. Overall, policymaking follows a pattern of "bounded rationality."
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1982.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-16|