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Title:Relationship of Pattern Element Emergence Between Two Locomotor Movement Patterns in Children (Development, Motor)
Author(s):Mackes, Beverly Elaine
Department / Program:Physical Education
Discipline:Physical Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Physical
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to investigate the developmental sequence of pattern elements for two locomotor movement patterns, hopping forward and jumping forward, and the relationship between the sequential order of the elements for the two movement patterns. Video taped performances of 80 children, 2 years-6 months to 10 years-6 months, executing the movement patterns hopping forward and jumping forward were evaluated by the experimenter utilizing modified checklists to identify the extent of pattern elements present.
Polynomial regression analyses indicated that all the elements developed within and between the two movement patterns with significant varying, linear, quadratic and cubic, trends. Two way ANOVAs and Tukey's HSD test for ability groups within each movement pattern substantiated a sequence of emergence for the movement patterns hopping forward and jumping forward. A significant Friedman test for element mean rankings, along with chi squares for even distribution and percentages of subjects within a one point spread from the median on hopping minus jumping performance scores within a subject, indicated there were some differences and some commonalities in the emergence times of pattern elements between the movement patterns hopping forward and jumping forward.
In summary, sequence of emergence of pattern elements was found for both movement patterns. While there were commonalities for some elements between the movement patterns there was also specificity for the emergence of other elements between the movement patterns. The common and specific times of emergence found for the pattern elements between the movement patterns hopping forward and jumping forward were the following: For both the movement patterns footing emerged first, preparation body action emerged second, and elements fluidity of performance and termination body action emerged next. Coordination of body parts, execution body action, preparation leg action, and execution leg action followed but in varying orders between the two movement patterns. The next order of emergence was termination arm action, preparation arm action, and execution arm action for the movement pattern hopping forward with the reverse order for the movement pattern jumping forward. Termination arm action emerged last in both movement patterns.
Issue Date:1984
Description:156 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1984.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8422124
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-16
Date Deposited:1984

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