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Title:Effect of Endurance Arm Training on Selected Components Which Influence the Oxygen Uptake During Arm and Leg Exercise
Author(s):Loftin, Jasper Mark
Department / Program:Physical Education
Discipline:Physical Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Education, Physical
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of five weeks of endurance arm training on the Fick Equation components which define the oxygen uptake. Thirty-eight college aged women participated in the study with 19 subjects serving in the experimental training group and 19 in the control group. A one-way analysis of covariance was used to examine the relation of the Fick Equation components and oxygen uptake. Finally, standardized partial regression coefficients were used to examine the relative influence of each Fick Equation component to the estimation of oxygen uptake with the remaining components held constant. A specific and general training response was observed at the conclusion of the training program as increases in circulorespiratory function and performance were observed during both maximal arm and leg exercise. Further, cardiac output and stroke volume became the dominate factors contributing to oxygen uptake during maximal arm exercise after training. Prior to training, the (a-v)O(,2) diff accounted for the largest proportion of variance in the oxygen uptake. During maximal leg exercise both before and after training, cardiac output and stroke volume accounted for the largest proportion of variance in oxygen uptake. Throughout submaximal arm and leg exercise, the relative influence of the Fick Equation components was nearly equal both before and after endurance arm training. It was concluded that five weeks of endurance arm training at the given intensity, duration and frequency employed was sufficient to elicit a significant training effect. Further the results appear to support cardiac output and stroke volume as the dominate factors influencing the oxygen uptake during maximal arm exercises after training.
Issue Date:1985
Type:Text
Description:232 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1985.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/71874
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8521820
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-16
Date Deposited:1985


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