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|Title:||A Cross-Cultural Assessment of the Maitland Graves Design Judgment Test Using U.S. And Nigerian Subjects|
|Doctoral Committee Chair(s):||Hardiman, George W.|
|Department / Program:||Education|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
Education, Tests and Measurements
|Abstract:||Presently there is no acceptable visual art test instrument. Existing tests have failed to live up to claims made by their authors. Although researchers have identified the inadequacies of these tests, none has conducted a detailed empirical study to ascertain what they actually measure, and none has systematically measured the consistency of subjects' responses across cultures.
This study attempts to partially remedy this situation by assessing the efficacy of the Maitland Graves Design Judgment Test (1946, 1948) in a cross-cultural setting. Specifically, 1,026 high school and college subjects representing art trained and non-art trained backgrounds from the United States (US) and Nigeria participated in this study. Although the main results confirm earlier studies that showed that the test was inadequate in measuring aesthetic judgment as defined by Graves, this study supports Graves's claim that art groups consistently scored higher than non-art groups. The results also suggest that because the US subjects' scores for both the art and non-art groups were higher than the Nigerian scores, the test has limited use in cross-cultural setting. More importantly, the results reveal that subjects from the two cultures did respond consistently to three factors: symmetry, three-dimensional, and complex design.
Thesis (Ed.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1993.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-16|