Files in this item



application/pdf9305552.pdf (17MB)Restricted to U of Illinois
(no description provided)PDF


Title:Prediction of Social Events Using a Classifier System
Author(s):Hilty, John A.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Carnevale, P.,
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Psychology, Social
Artificial Intelligence
Computer Science
Abstract:This research investigated the potential of a technique from artificial intelligence, the classifier system, as a tool for time-series analyses in the social sciences. This technique is intriguing because of its similarity to some processes of evolution and the optimization of living organisms; there is increased interest in such models because of their robust self-organization and capacity to escape from "brittleness" (Holland, 1986). To explore these properties, a classifier system was designed and applied to four archival databases to predict the following events: conflict level between the United States and the U.S.S.R., emotions of a diarist, voting behavior in the 1960 presidential election, and outcomes of disputes that were subject to professional mediation. This classifier system is similar to others that have been used in the past to predict events (Schrodt, 1986; Smith and Green, 1987; Riolo, 1988; de la Maza, 1989), but it possesses several innovative characteristics: both Darwinian and non-Darwinian algorithms of rule generation, collective decision criteria, strength types that derive from the performance dimensions of frequency, accuracy, uniqueness, activity, and base rate. Furthermore, several aggregation techniques are proposed to resolve conflicts across replications, and several similarity coefficients and distance metrics are proposed to evaluate various aspects of predictive performance. The performance of the best model of the classifier system was compared with several time-series techniques from statistics: multiple regression, probit, discriminant analysis, Markov analysis, ARIMA, and others. It was found that the predictive performance of the classifier system was slightly to moderately greater than the other time-series techniques for most measures for three of four archival databases. Supplementary analyses provided strong support for the innovative characteristics of the classifier system, assuming that they are combined appropriately. Characteristics of causality and philosophy of science issues, as they relate to this research, were explored.
Issue Date:1992
Description:464 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1992.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI9305552
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-17
Date Deposited:1992

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics