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Title:Empirical and Theoretical Evidence for the Strategic Use of Debt Management as an Active Policy Instrument
Author(s):Hartwig, Robert Paul
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Bryan, W.,
Department / Program:Economics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Economics, General
Economics, Commerce-Business
Economics, Finance
Political Science, General
Abstract:This dissertation provides theoretical and empirical motivation for the strategic use of federal debt management as an instrument of fiscal and monetary policy. It advances the sparse theoretical literature in this area on at least two fronts. First, the source of conflict between existing practical and theoretical views on debt management is exposed and examined. Frequently cited objectives are: (i) minimization of interest costs on government debt; (ii) macroeconomic stabilization and (iii) neutralization or minimization of the distortionary effects of debt financing on financial markets. The conflict between (i) and (ii) is shown to be irreconcilable, given reasonable assumptions about the shape of the Treasury yield curve. Optimal counter-cyclical debt management strategies result in the maximization of interest costs. Specifically, the Treasury conducts stabilization policy by adjusting the maturity structure of the debt, thereby altering the liquidity structure of investor portfolios. The Treasury will increase (decrease) liquidity in recessionary (inflationary) periods by shortening (lengthening) the average time to maturity of the debt. Second, the interaction between Treasury debt management strategies and the monetary policy authority vested in the Federal Reserve (or fiscal authority of Congress) can be modelled as a non-cooperative game with multiple Pareto-rankable Nash equilibria. Several game-theoretic models are studied, with the strategies adopted by the Treasury and Federal Reserve determining a recessionary, inflationary, or neutral outcome for the economy. Third, the institutional arrangements between the Federal Reserve, Treasury, and primary dealer community are investigated. Analysis of these arrangements suggests that the competitive advantages associated with primary dealer status may foster non-competitiveness or collusion in the dealer community and discourage financial innovation in government securities markets.
The empirical contributions include the construction of the first computerized database incorporating detailed information on all of the approximately 7,000 Treasury debt issues sold since World War II, thereby permitting computation of the maturity structure of marketable US debt at any point in the post-war period. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
Issue Date:1993
Description:144 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1993.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI9314876
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-17
Date Deposited:1993

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