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|Title:||Internal Migration in Indonesia: Three Essays on Recent Migration, 1980-1985|
|Doctoral Committee Chair(s):||Brueckner, Jan K.|
|Department / Program:||Economics|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Abstract:||A better understanding of an internal migration process in a country is a necessary step toward improving economic development policies in the country. An important key of understanding this process is to know the determinants influencing the peoples' decision to migrate. Because of this, the purpose of this study is to discover empirically the factors which induce Indonesian people to migrate from place-to-place in the country when economic, geographic, and demographic characteristics are tested.
This study is divided into three essays. The first essay observes the determinants of rural-to-urban recent migration using the one developed by Larry A. Sjaastad: The Cost and Returns of Human Migration. The findings of this essay support the widely held belief that the differential income is the main impetus factor for people to migrate, and that geographical distance is a discouraging factor in the human migration process.
The second essay explores the determinants of recent migration between province-to-province's urban areas using the economic model developed by Daniel McFadden: Conditional Logit Analysis of Qualitative Choice Behavior. Two specifications, symmetric and asymmetric, dealing with information flowing between the pairs of labor markets (the origin i and the destination j), are tested. The results indicate that the symmetric approach is the only appropriate specification for this work, and, moreover, real per capita income, unemployment rate, industrial share value added, geographical distance, and people's educational attainments, are the determinants of the migration process studied.
The third essay investigates the determinants of recent migration from province-to-province in the country. The model and the specification used in this essay are the same as those in the second essay. The findings indicate that the symmetric approach is the only appropriate specification, and, moreover, real per capita income, unemployment rate, trade share value added, geographical distance, and people's educational attainments are the determinants of the migration process investigated in this essay.
Finally, as a note, a cross-section analysis using multiple regression of the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) variety is used in these of three essays using Indonesian data 1980-1985.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1993.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-17|