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Title:Multimethod Analysis of the Federal Pesticide Policy
Author(s):Robinson, Nancy Joy
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Buchanan, R.,
Department / Program:Health and Safety Studies
Discipline:Health and Safety Studies
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Political Science, Public Administration
Sociology, Public and Social Welfare
Environmental Sciences
Abstract:Pesticides that have been tested as posing a risk to humans and$\\$or the environment have been banned for use in the United States. However, federal law allows exportation of these pesticides to countries for agricultural production. Consequently, these chemicals may return to the U.S. on imported produce, particularly fruits and vegetables. The purpose of this multi-phase study was to examine this situation, coined the Circle of Poison.
Phase I consisted of 10 implementation model applications to the law and its amendments from 1970-1991. Implementation procedures, by the EPA and the FDA, were examined to determine if the procedures were achieving the stated legislative objectives. The Phase I data revealed that the Agencies' procedures failed to achieve the stated legislative objectives consistently throughout the twenty year period.
Phase II data was obtained from a survey sample of 264 childcare facilities to determine if children consumed imported fruits and vegetables. Wholesale grocers were contacted to determine the origination of imported produce and government reports were utilized to determine where we export hazardous pesticides to, and if there was a commonality of country of exportation of hazardous pesticides and importation of fruits and vegetables. Produce served out-of-season from countries where we imported hazardous pesticides were: bananas and cantaloupes from Honduras; nectarines, plums, grapes, and pears from Chile, and oranges from Malaysia. A 1990 report indicated that the U.S. exported approximately 3-5 tons of hazardous pesticides per hour to these countries.
The results of the study supports the hypothesis that the federal pesticide policy places U.S. children at a potential risk to toxic pesticide residue remaining on imported fruits and vegetables from the exportation of banned pesticides.
Issue Date:1992
Type:Text
Description:183 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1992.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/72493
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI9236581
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-17
Date Deposited:1992


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