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Title:The Non-Aspectual Verbal Theme /A/ in Russian
Author(s):Kim, Kun-Sun
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Gladney, Frank Y.
Department / Program:Slavic Languages and Literatures
Discipline:Slavic Languages and Literatures
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Language, Linguistics
Abstract:The non-aspectual a-theme is opposed to the imperfectivizing aspectual a-theme in prefixed verbforms, e.g. prodvigal (moved), napeval (sang). For the most part, the non-aspectual a-theme occurs in unprefixed verbforms, e.g. bodal (butted), oxal (said 'oh'). The a-theme here is inserted between a root and an ending to preserve the root, e.g. /bod-a-l/, /ox-a-l/. The verbform bodal exhibits a thematization shift from zero-theme to a-theme: from the OCS form bolu to the modern form bodal. The onomatopoeic verbform oxal also shows a-thematization for the preservation of the root /ox/: /ox-a-l/.
The a-theme in the past is paradigmatically combined with varieties of thematic elements in the present: -a-/-i-, e.g. spal - spit (sleep), -a-/-e-, e.g. sosal - soset (suck), -a-/-je-, e.g. pisal - piset (write), -a-/-aje-, e.g. delal - delajet (do). The aje-thematization is so productive among the a-thematizations that there is a tendency of the shift from the -e-, -je- to the -aje-thematization, e.g. stonet - stonajet (groans), krapljet - krapajet (spatters).
The reason is that the aje-thematization has advantages over the others in root preservation and paradigmatic switch. Root-preservation has to do with the sound feature of the back vowel /a/ in contrast with that of the front vowel /e/ or the glide /j/ that can effect a change of root-final consonants. The paradigmatic switch from the past -a- to the present -aje- is easier than to -e- or -je-.
In general, aje-thematization is productive in onomatopoeia, e.g. oxal (said 'oh'), tikal (ticked). However, productivity varies from one case to another. There is onomatopoeic -(o)ta-/-(o)ce-thematization where aje-thematization does not exhibit encroachment upon this thematization, e.g. groxotal - groxocet (crash), xoxotal - xoxocet (guffaw). It is assumed that ota-thematization is productive in a limited range of onomatopoeia.
Issue Date:1992
Description:107 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1992.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI9305579
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-17
Date Deposited:1992

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