South Pole Lidar Data
In 1999 through 2001 the Illinois lidar group deployed instruments at the South Pole where they succeeded in measuring atmospheric temperatures from about 30 km altitude to about 110 km throughout the year. Prior to these measurements, only the region below 30 km had been characterized using conventional weather balloons. Because the temperature profiles are the first to have been measured above the South Pole and because this region of the atmosphere is expected to cool significantly during the next century as atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane increase, the data provide an important benchmark for assessing future temperature changes.
(American Geophysical Union, 2003-09)Fe/Rayleigh lidar measurements are combined with the high-altitude balloonsonde data and used to characterize the seasonal variations of atmospheric temperature at South Pole from the surface (2.835 km) to 110 km altitude. ...
Lidar Studies of Interannual, Seasonal, and Diurnal Variations of Polar Mesospheric Clouds at the South Pole (American Geophysical Union, 2003)Polar mesospheric clouds (PMC) were observed by an Fe Boltzmann temperature lidar at the South Pole in the 1999–2000 and 2000–2001 austral summer seasons. We report the study of interannual, seasonal, and diurnal variations ...
(American Geophysical Union, 2001-05-15)Polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) were observed by a ground-based Fe Boltzmann temperature lidar for 65 h on 17-19 and 24-26 January 2000 above the geographic South Pole. The mean PMC backscatter ratio, volume backscatter ...
(American Geophysical Union, 2001-04-01)Polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) were observed above the geographic South Pole by an Fe Boltzmann temperature lidar from 11 Dec 99 to 24 Feb 00. During this 76-day period 297 h of observations were made on 33 different days ...
First Lidar Observations of Middle Atmosphere Temperatures, Fe Densities, and Polar Mesospheric Clouds Over the North and South Poles (American Geophysical Union, 2001-04-01)An Fe Boltzmann temperature lidar was used to obtain the first measurements of middle atmosphere temperatures, Fe densities, and polar mesosphericlouds (PMCs) over the North and South Poles during the 1999-2000 ...