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Title:Probabilistic photometric redshifts in the era of petascale astronomy
Author(s):Carrasco Kind, Matias
Director of Research:Brunner, Robert J.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Brunner, Robert J.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Kemball, Athol J.; Ricker, Paul M.; Thaler, Jon J.
Department / Program:Astronomy
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Photometric redshift
machine learning
data mining
galaxy surveys
petascale astronomy
Abstract:With the growth of large photometric surveys, accurately estimating photometric redshifts, preferably as a probability density function (PDF), and fully understanding the implicit systematic uncertainties in this process has become increasingly important. These surveys are expected to obtain images of billions of distinct galaxies. As a result, storing and analyzing all of these photometric redshift PDFs will be non-trivial, and this challenge becomes even more severe if a survey plans to compute and store multiple different PDFs. In this thesis, we have developed an end-to-end framework that will compute accurate and robust photometric redshift PDFs for massive data sets by using two new, state-of-the-art machine learning techniques that are based on a random forest and a random atlas, respectively. By using data from several photometric surveys, we demonstrate the applicability of these new techniques, and we demonstrate that our new approach is among the best techniques currently available. We also show how different techniques can be combined by using novel Bayesian techniques to improve the photometric redshift precision to unprecedented levels while also presenting new approaches to better identify outliers. In addition, our framework provides supplementary information regarding the data being analyzed, including unbiased estimates of the accuracy of the technique without resorting to a validation data set, identification of poor photometric redshift areas within the parameter space occupied by the spectroscopic training data, and a quantification of the relative importance of the variables used during the estimation process. Furthermore, we present a new approach to represent and store photometric redshift PDFs by using a sparse representation with outstanding compression and reconstruction capabilities. We also demonstrate how this framework can also be directly incorporated into cosmological analyses. The new techniques presented in this thesis are crucial to enable the development of precision cosmology in the era of petascale astronomical surveys.
Issue Date:2015-01-21
Rights Information:Copyright 2014 Matias Carrasco Kind
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-01-21
Date Deposited:2014-12

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