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Title:First Lidar Observations of Middle Atmosphere Temperatures, Fe Densities, and Polar Mesospheric Clouds Over the North and South Poles
Author(s):Gardner, Chester S.; Papen, George C.; Chu, Xinzhao; Pan, Welin
Subject(s):South Pole
Lidar
Geographic Coverage:South Pole
Abstract:An Fe Boltzmann temperature lidar was used to obtain the first measurements of middle atmosphere temperatures, Fe densities, and polar mesosphericlouds (PMCs) over the North and South Poles during the 1999-2000 summer seasons. The measured temperature structure of the mesopause and lower thermosphere regions in mid-summer at both Poles is consistent with the MSIS90 model. The density profiles of the normal Fe layer between 80-100 km at summer solstice are similar at both the North and South Poles with maximum densities of about 2000 cm -a. Sporadic Fe (Fes) layers were observed at both Poles with peak densities at 106 km altitude. The maximum densities of the Fes layers were 232x10 a cm -a at North Pole and 6.52x10 a cm -a at South Pole. PMCs were detected above both Poles. The altitudes of PMCs over the South Pole were consistently 2-3 km higher than those observed over the North Pole.
Issue Date:2001-04-01
Publisher:American Geophysical Union
Citation Info:C. S. Gardner, G. C. Papen, X. Chu, and W. Pan, “First Lidar Observations of Middle Atmosphere Temperatures, Fe Densities, and Polar Mesospheric Clouds Over the North and South Poles”, Geophys. Res. Letts., Vol. 28, No. 7, 1199-1202, 1 April 2001. DOI: 10.1029/2000GL012622
Genre:Article
Type:Text
Dataset / Spreadsheet
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/73141
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1029/2000GL012622
Rights Information:Copyright 2001 American Geophysical Union
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-01-30


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