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Title:The Photochemistry of Beta-Naphthoyl Azide and 4-Acetylphenoxycarbonyl Azide: The Chemical and Physical Properties of Acylnitrenes
Author(s):Autrey, Tom
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Schuster, Gary B.
Department / Program:Chemistry
Discipline:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Chemistry, Organic
Abstract:We have examined the chemical and physical properties of two acylnitrenes, 4-acetylphenoxycarbonylnitrene (APN) and $\beta$-naphthoylnitrene (BNN) generated by the photolysis of 4-acetylphenoxycarbonyl azide and $\beta$-naphthoyl azide (BNA) respectively. These nitrenes were investigated using low-temperature optical, electron spin resonance, and transient absorption spectroscopy as well as by traditional chemical trapping techniques.
APN is a ground state triplet nitrene which appears to be no more than 5 kcal/mol below the lowest energy singlet nitrene. The properties of APN are dominated by those typically associated with triplet nitrenes: nonstereospecific addition to olefins and a readily detectable electron spin resonance spectrum.
BNN is the first bona fide example of an acylnitrene with a singlet ground state. The properties of BNN are those typically associated with singlet nitrenes: direct or triplet sensitized irradiation of BNA gives products derived exclusively from the singlet nitrene.
Issue Date:1987
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:117 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1987.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/77258
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8815317
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-05-13
Date Deposited:1987


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