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|Title:||The State Centralization and Control of the Broadcasting Media in Algeria From 1962 to 1982: Application and Shortcomings|
|Doctoral Committee Chair(s):||Rowland, Willard D., Jr.|
|Department / Program:||Communication|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Abstract:||This is a case study of the post-independence Algerian broadcasting media from a cultural-critical perspective. The detailed analysis evidenced that the RTA (Radiodiffusion Television Algerienne) developed five main characteristics: (a) a failure of the elites to re-think broadcasting in the post-independence era; (b) broadcasting monopoly privileged the dissemination of official political discourse; (c) it tolerated financial, personnel and production mismanagement in exchange for political allegiance; (d) it controlled the broadcasting profession; and (e) it allowed for a paternalist conception of the audiences.
Did RTA's officials make a creative use of their elaborate scheme of broadcasting control? This study invested a great deal of efforts in cross-checking official claims about RTA's roles and goals with its real performance. The results indicated that the RTA developed major shortcomings in four areas: (a) the broadcasting profession; (b) nation-building and sub-culture; (c) broadcasting credibility and production policy; and (d) program dependence on foreign suppliers.
Many of the factors which prevented the RTA from developing a relatively independent production capacity were embodied in the contradictions peculiar to its policies and practices. The latter were illustrated by RTA'a anti-production practices including constant censorship, heavy bureaucracy, lack of competition, heavy reliance on obedient, but non-dedicated part-timers, and the exclusion of non-conforming artists, scriptwriters, singers and program producers.
At a more abstract level, this study addressed the issues of how the broadcasting shortcomings resulting from monopoly in the developing state relate to the processes of professionalization, nation-building and sub-cultural policies, media credibility-crisis, and the domestic forces inhibiting broadcasting production and perpetuating program-dependence. The detailed analysis of the case evidenced in incompatibility between the centrally-controlled uses and abuses of broadcasting monopoly and the practice of political democracy and intellectual freedoms by all concerned social groups within the developing context.
Finally, the study suggested that three key issues need further investigation due to their common importance to international communications research, cross-cultural broadcasting and media-in-development analysis. These issues include: (a) the nature, meanings and relationships between broadcasting monopoly, political democracy, and cultural freedom and balance; (b) the role of broadcasting in the processes of nation-building and the handling of sub-cultures; and (c) the relationships between domestic broadcasting production policies and dependence on the international broadcasting market.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1988.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2015-05-13|