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Title:  Topics in Lattice Statistics: I. Systematics of Multilayer Adsorption Phenomena on Attractive Substrates. Ii. Dynamical Critical Exponents for the Kinetic Ising Model: A FiniteSize Hamiltonian Calculation 
Author(s):  Pandit, Rahul 
Department / Program:  Physics 
Discipline:  Physics 
Degree Granting Institution:  University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign 
Degree:  Ph.D. 
Genre:  Dissertation 
Subject(s):  Physics, Condensed Matter 
Abstract:  This thesis consists of two parts. The first and major part is contained in Chapter I and deals with multilayer adsorption and wetting phenomena on attractive substrates. The second part, contained in Chapter II, is devoted to the study of kinetic Ising models, using finitesize Hamiltonian methods. In Chapter I we give a brief introduction to surface and interfacial thermodynamics, followed by an overview of multilayer adsorption phenomena, such as "layer transitions," "wetting," and "prewetting." We use a meanfield theory to study the systematics of such multilayer adsorption phenomena in a latticegas (Ising) model. Though some similar calculations have been done previously, ours is the first to explore the systematics of these phenomena. We also indicate how we expect to be modified by the inclusion of thermal fluctuations that are ignored completely in a meanfield theory. In most of our work we use shortrange, attractive substrate potentials; however, we discuss briefly, how longrange, attractive substrate potentials would modify our results. Lastly, we show how the meanfield theory that we use and, in general, meanfield theories of onedimensionally inhomogeneous systems, may be formulated as areapreserving maps. This formulation is completely equivalent to other formulations of meanfield theory. However, it does offer different insights, which we explore in some detail for the surfaces and interfaces of lattice models. In Chapter II we give a brief introduction to kinetic Ising models. Using a Hamiltonian formulation of the master equation that describes the dynamics of the Ising model, we calculate the dynamical critical exponent z via finitesize methods. These are the first calculations of their kind. In one dimension we find that different transition probabilities give different values for z. We discuss the reason for this "nonuniversality." In two dimensions z still depends on the form of the transition probability. We argue in this case that z should really be universal but that finitesize calculations are not very reliable when the lattices used are very small. 
Issue Date:  1982 
Type:  Text 
Language:  English 
Description:  201 p. Thesis (Ph.D.)University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, 1982. 
URI:  http://hdl.handle.net/2142/77343 
Other Identifier(s):  (UMI)AAI8209615 
Date Available in IDEALS:  20150513 
Date Deposited:  1982 
This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Dissertations and Theses  Physics
Dissertations in Physics 
Graduate Dissertations and Theses at Illinois
Graduate Theses and Dissertations at Illinois