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Title:Studies of Selected Precipitation Cases from METROMEX
Contributor(s):Changnon, Stanley, A.; Semonin, Richard, G.
Subject(s):Atmospheric chemistry
boundary layer
cloud physics
inadvertent weather and climate change
severe weather
urban climate
weather modification
weather radar
Abstract:In the analysis of METROMEX field data, nine rain periods (case days) in 1972 and 1973 were chosen for in-depth investigations aimed to better define the urban-related mechanisms that cause the summer rainfall in and east of St. Louis and Wood River to be greater than that in surrounding areas. The nine cases were selected to represent a variety of summer precipitation conditions in the St. Louis area. These investigations identified several urban-related conditions that contributed to the observed precipitation alterations. Principal findings were that the urban areas: 1) initiated and thus increased the number of raincells, 2) intensified rain and severe weather from the urban-initiated cells by their subsequent merger with each other or a later system, 3) intensified rain and severe weather from existing cells passing over the urban areas by the effect of their heat, moisture, and/or aerosol plumes, 4) produced these effects only when rain-conducive synoptic conditions existed, and 5) operated with a 'domino' effect in which urban cells beget more urban cells on the same day and tend to reinforce developments in a multi-day sequence in the same locale. The case studies also revealed missing or inadequate measurements critical for METROMEX or other field projects and provided guidance for direction of the research.
Issue Date:1975
Publisher:Illinois State Water Survey
Series/Report:Report of Investigation (Illinois State Water Survey) RI-081
Genre:Technical Report
Publication Status:published
Peer Reviewed:peer reviewed
Rights Information:Copyright, University of Illinois Board of Trustees. All rights reserved. This document is a product of the Illinois State Water Survey, and has been selected and made available by the Illinois State Water Survey and the University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. It is intended for research and educational use, and proper attribution is requested.
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-05-28

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