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ISWS Report of Investigation RI-85PDF


Title:Acute Toxicity of Residual Chlorine and Ammonia to Some Native Illinois Fishes
Author(s):Roseboom, Donald P.; Richey, Dorothy, L.
chlorine, fish
surface water
water quality criteria
Abstract:Ninety-six hour residual chlorine bioassays were conducted on bluegill and channel catfish. In 96-hr acute toxicity studies with ammonia (NH3 -N) bass, in addition to bluegill and channel catfish, were included. The studies were performed in waters typical of most lakes and streams in midwestern states, i.e., relatively high in alkalinity and the salts of and magnesium. Observations of the characteristics and reaction of the fishes to each toxicant were noted. The 96-hr median tolerance limits for residual chlorine were: from 0.18 to 0.33 mg/1 for bluegill depending on temperature and fish weight; about 0.09 mg/1 for channel catfish with temperature not a factor. For ammonia the 96-hr median tolerance limits were: from 0.40 to 1.3 mg/1 for bluegill depending on temperature and fish weight; from 0.72 mg/1 at 22° C to 1.2 mg/1 at 30°C for bass and 1.5 mg/1 at 22°C to 3.0 mg/1 at 28° C for channel catfish with size not a factor. For the protection of the fishes investigated, and consistent with Illinois water pollution regulations, residual chlorine should not be detectable and NH3-N should not exceed a concentration of 0.04 mg/1.
Issue Date:1977
Publisher:Illinois State Water Survey
Series/Report:Report of Investigation (Illinois State Water Survey) RI-085
Genre:Technical Report
Publication Status:published
Peer Reviewed:peer reviewed
Rights Information:Copyright, University of Illinois Board of Trustees. All rights reserved. This document is a product of the Illinois State Water Survey, and has been selected and made available by the Illinois State Water Survey and the University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. It is intended for research and educational use, and proper attribution is requested.
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-05-28

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