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Title:Ecotoxicology of Antimicrobial Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products in Illinois Rivers and Streams
Author(s):Kelly, John; Rosi-Marshall, Emma; Scott, John
Subject(s):Triclosan -- Illinois -- Environmental aspects
Personal care products -- Environmental aspects -- Illinois
Antimicrobials -- Environmental aspects -- Illinois
Sewage -- Environmental aspects -- Illinois
Wastewater treatment plants -- Environmental aspects -- Illinois
Abstract:In urban areas wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent can represent a significant component of freshwater ecosystems, and WWTP effluent can be a point source for a variety of pollutants, including pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs). We analyzed two field sites in the Chicago region: (1) an urban river receiving effluent from a large WWTP; and (2) a suburban river receiving effluent from a smaller WWTP. At both sites WWTP effluent had negative effects on the abundance and diversity of benthic bacterial communities. We then investigated the potential effects of one specific PPCP, triclosan, a broad-spectrum antimicrobial compound that is incorporated into numerous consumer products. We developed a method for the quantification of triclosan in sediment based on pressurized fluid extraction (PFE) by accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) and used this method to demonstrate that triclosan is present in streams in the Chicago region and that triclosan concentrations in stream sediments increased with degree of urbanization. Finally, we conducted a field survey and a lab-scale model stream experiment and demonstrated that triclosan exposure is linked to increases in triclosan resistance and decreases in biodiversity within benthic bacterial communities. These results indicate that widespread use of triclosan could have negative ecological consequences.
Issue Date:2015-02
Publisher:Champaign, IL : Illinois Sustainable Technology Center
Series/Report:RR Series (Illinois Sustainable Technology Center) ; 125
Genre:Technical Report
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/78015
Sponsor:This research was funded by the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, a division of the Prairie Research Institute at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (Grant No. HWR09216).
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-06-05


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