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Title:Methods to ensure the adequate primary frequency response of low inertia power systems
Author(s):Bhana, Rajesh
Director of Research:Overbye, Thomas J.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Overbye, Thomas J.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Sauer, Peter W.; Chen, Deming; Domínguez-García, Alejandro D.; Zhu, Hao; Davis, Katherine
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):primary frequency response
transient stability
governor response
interruptible load
demand response
frequency-constrained optimal power flow
frequency-constrained unit commitment
linear programming
under-frequency load shedding
droop control
integer programming
Abstract:Power systems are changing and the trend toward renewable generation, lightweight gas turbines, and electronic load has resulted in systems with lower inertia and reduced governor response. The expected continuation of this decline motivates research on economical methods to ensure primary frequency response (PFR) adequacy and prevent frequency-related emergency actions. This dissertation describes both demand-side and generation-side methods for PFR improvement. Specifically, the commitment of autonomous interruptible load, the adjustment of governor gain settings, and the curtailment of resources are described. For these methods, the choice of the PFR resources is centrally coordinated, but the resource control actions are autonomous and based on local frequency measurements. Costs are attributed to the resources/control-decisions and minimum-cost optimization problems are formulated with nonlinear PFR constraints that require the time-domain simulation of a differential and algebraic equation (DAE) model of the system. Tractable iterative solution approaches, in which rapidly solvable linear approximations of the nonlinear problems are formulated, are proposed. For large systems, the burden of the iterative methods are further reduced through sensitivity-based estimation. This estimation exploits the near-linear power-sensitivity of the system, the similarity of electrically close buses, and the structure of a DAE power system model to accurately capture the temporal and spatial dependence of a PFR resource's contribution toward meeting a constraint. The computational benefits of the sensitivity-based estimates are demonstrated on systems with a large number of resources and the results show that the reductions in computational burden come with little increase in solution costs.
Issue Date:2015-04-02
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Rajesh Bhana
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-07-22
Date Deposited:May 2015

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