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Title:The initial construction of a roasting measure and examination of the associations among roasting, verbal bullying, social anxiety, and depression
Author(s):Rivers, Tyrone
Director of Research:Espelage, Dorothy L.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Espelage, Dorothy L.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Neville, Helen A.; Anderson, Carolyn J.; Larson, Reed W.
Department / Program:Educational Psychology
Discipline:Educational Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
ritual insults
playing the dozens
verbal bullying
social anxiety
Abstract:The current study reported on the initial construction of a roasting measure. Roasting (a Black oral tradition) is a form of teasing that can be defined as making fun of someone in dyads or in groups of three or more people using clever metaphors (Foster, 1974; Smitherman, 1977, 2000). Although bullying is receiving much attention in news and scholarship, what is largely overlooked among developmental scholars that might provide insight into the bullying behavior of school-age youth is roasting. Roasting and verbal bullying are not identical, but the possibility of internalizing and externalizing problems having statistically significant associations with roasting, along with roasting possibly being an omitted variable in extant bully studies, skewing verbal bullying prevalence rates among adolescents, justifies the development of a roasting measure. Using items in an exploratory factor analysis that only loaded in interpretable Mokken scale analysis subscales yielded 5 roasting subscales. Internal consistency and construct validity supported the use and development of this measure. Implications for bully research, prevention and intervention programs, teacher education, and school policy are discussed.
Issue Date:2015-04-24
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Tyrone Rivers
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-07-22
Date Deposited:May 2015

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