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Title:A needs analysis of English for Korean naval officers
Author(s):Park, Ki Chan
Department / Program:Linguistics
Discipline:Teaching of English Sec Lang
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):English for Specific Purposes (ESP)
English for Military Purposes
Naval English
Needs Analysis
Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT)
A learning-centered approach to English for Specific Purposes (ESP)
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to conduct a needs analysis for the English courses offered at the educational institutions of the Korean navy. A comprehensive survey and interviews were conducted to identify the target situations and tasks for which Korean naval officers must use English. Also investigated were their wants for the English courses and their perceptions of their own use of English. Further data about officers’ needs was drawn from a literature review of published books and newspaper articles about the navy. Fourteen Korean naval officers were then interviewed, and a survey of 64 Korean naval officers was administered. A survey of three U.S. naval officers was also administered to achieve triangulation of the data. Through these research methods, six main target situations and 44 target tasks were identified along with the participants’ perceived frequency, difficulty and criticality of these target situations. In addition, this study reveals that Korean officers’ biggest weakness in their engagement with target tasks is their insufficient speaking skill, in spite of their great desire for improving it. The findings of this study support the adoption of TBLT and the learning-centered approach to ESP by English for Military Purposes Courses, in which not only the language but also necessary knowledge can be taught together for the learners’ successful performance of the target tasks.
Issue Date:2015-05-01
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Ki Chan Park
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-07-22
Date Deposited:May 2015

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