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Title:Modeling of high enthalpy flows for hypersonic re-entry and ground-based arc-jet testing
Author(s):Sahai, Amal
Department / Program:Aerospace Engineering
Discipline:Aerospace Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):High enthalpy flows
Hypersonic entry
Finite Element
Abstract:This work presents a simulation framework for modeling high enthalpy ionized gas flows during planetary entry flights and ground-based arc-jet testing. The system of Favre-averaged Navier-Stokes equations in thermo-chemical non-equilibrium with Spalart-Allmaras turbulence closure is outlined, along with models for thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, transport properties, and the applied electric field. The electric field and the Joule heating term are computed using a Poisson equation and the generalized Ohm's law. A standard two-temperature model is implemented to account for non-equilibrium effects. A numerical method based on the streamline upwind Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) finite element formulation is utilized. A two-way loose coupling strategy between the flow solver and the electric field is introduced to achieve convergence. The methodology is first tested by modeling hypersonic axisymmetric flows over a blunt body for a range of increasingly complex flight conditions. We then apply it to simulate the flow-field and electrical discharge inside the 20 MW NASA Ames Aerodynamic Heating facility (AHF) to further confirm the capabilities and robustness of the developed framework.
Issue Date:2015-05-01
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Amal Sahai
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-07-22
Date Deposited:May 2015

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