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Title:Maternal depression and trajectories of youth depression during adolescence: moderation by youth responses to interpersonal stress
Author(s):Monti, Jennifer Diana
Director of Research:Rudolph, Karen
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Rudolph, Karen
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Berenbaum, Howard; McElwain, Nancy; Pomerantz, Eva; Telzer, Eva
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):maternal depression
adolescent depression
responses to stress
Abstract:This study examined the independent and interactive contributions of maternal depression and youth responses to interpersonal stress with peers to trajectories of youth depression in adolescence. Youth (n = 167, M age = 12.41, SD = 1.19) and their maternal caregivers participated in a four-year longitudinal study. Mothers and youth were administered diagnostic interviews assessing depression and youth provided reports of their responses to peer stress. Results revealed that adaptive responses to stress (high effortful engagement and low involuntary disengagement) buffered the effect of maternal depression on initial levels and trajectories of youth depression, with gender differences emerging. Maternal depression and maladaptive responses to stress (high effortful disengagement and involuntary engagement) contributed additive risks such that youth displayed the highest levels of depression when they were exposed to maternal depression and showed maladaptive responses. This research provides novel evidence of the contribution of maternal depression to trajectories of adolescent depression and indicates that responses to stress contribute to individual differences in depression among offspring of depressed mothers. The results of this study suggest that responses to stress are a potential target for applied efforts to promote resilience in youth.
Issue Date:2015-04-22
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Jennifer Monti
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-07-22
Date Deposited:May 2015

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