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Title:Propagation of spherically expanding premixed flames
Author(s):Lokhande, Omkar
Department / Program:Mechanical Sci & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):premixed flames
spherically symmetric
Abstract:The propagation of spherically expanding premixed flames is investigated, in both confined and unconfined scenarios. In the unconfined case, the flame propagates at nearly isobaric conditions and the flame displacement speed eventually reaches a constant value whereas in the confined case there is pressure buildup which affects the flame displacement speed which increases as the flame grows larger. In the confined case, the evolution of the flame with time is studied with emphasis on properties like pressure as a function of time, temperature and velocity field in the channel and the displacement speed. The temperature profiles over the domain are obtained which give an idea about the flame thickness at that instant in time. Effect of the Lewis number on the behavior of the flame is examined in the unconfined scenario. Also, the effect of stretch rate on local density weighted flame displacement speeds is studied, which indicates toward the consistent definition of the flame displacement speed. The numerical results are compared with a non-linear analytical model that treats the flame as a density discontinuity. This model requires only solving the hydro dynamic equations along with the appropriate jump conditions across the flame front. The main difference between the numerical and the analytical solution is that the numerical solution takes into consideration a finite rate chemistry throughout the domain whereas in the analytical solution the reaction rate is modeled as a delta function. Similarities and differences between the analytical and the numerical solution are studied.
Issue Date:2015-04-29
Type:Thesis
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/78793
Rights Information:Copyright 2015 Omkar Lokhande
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-07-22
Date Deposited:May 2015


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