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Title:Understanding the star-forming environment in stellar clusters
Author(s):Wang, Shiya
Director of Research:Looney, Leslie W.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Chu, You-Hua; Crutcher, Richard M.; Fields, Brian
Department / Program:Astronomy
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D. (doctoral)
Subject(s):Star-forming environment
Stellar clusters
Low-mass cluster members
Abstract:The main goal of this thesis is to investigate the physical conditions of the star-forming environment in stellar clusters, especially for the formation of low-mass cluster members. Embedded, young, and intermediate-mass stellar clusters around Herbig . Ae/Be stars are sampled. Mid- and near-infrared observations identifying young stars and millimeter interferometric observations probing dense molecular gas and dust continuum are presented. These observations are used to reveal the large-scale young stellar population around the vicinity where the sampled clusters form, probe the physical conditions of dense molecular clumps which are capable of forming individual low-mass cluster members, and examine the influence of the most massive star in the cluster on its siblings and natal cluster-forming cloud. This study shows that stars within the cluster tend to seem younger than those outside the cluster, suggesting a higher and continuous star-forming rate within the cluster than outside, or massive stars are initiated later than low-mass star within the same cloud. A thorough investigation of young stars and dense gas toward the MWC·l080 cluster further suggests a domination of the.most massive star in the cluster on both the natal cloud dispersal and its low-mass cluster members. As active outflows and winds from the Herbig Ae/Be stars increase the non-thermal motion in the cloud, low-mass cluster members are formed within denser and more. turbulent cores, than isolated low-mass star-forming cores. In addition, the strong gas dispersal from the Herbig Ae/Be stars also helps the removal of the circumstellar material around nearby low-mass stars. This makes these low-mass cluster members appear older. In summary, this thesis provides the observational evidence showing how the most massive star in the cluster affects the formation and evolution of low-mass cluster members and the physical conditions of star formation in the cluster.
Issue Date:2008
Publisher:Department of Astronomy. College of Liberal Arts and Science. The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-08-11

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