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Title:INFRARED CROSS-SECTIONS OF NITRO-DERIVATIVE VAPORS: NEW SPECTROSCOPIC SIGNATURES OF EXPLOSIVE TAGGANTS AND DEGRADATION PRODUCTS
Author(s):Cuisset, Arnaud
Contributor(s):Fournier, Gilles; Piau, G�rard Pascal; Gruet, S�bastien; Pirali, Olivier; Mouret, Ga�l
Subject(s):Mini-symposium: Accelerator-Based Spectroscopy
Abstract:Classical explosives such as RDX or TNT exhibit a very low vapor pressure at room temperature and their detection in air requires very sensitive techniques with levels usually better than 1 ppb. To overcome this difficulty, it is not the explosive itself which is detected, but another compound more volatile present in the explosive. footnote{J. C. Oxley, J. L. Smith, W. Luo, J. Brady, Prop. Explos. Pyrotec. 34 (2009) 539�543} This volatile compound can exist naturally in the explosive due to the manufacturing process. For example, in the case of DiNitroToluene (DNT), the molecule is a degradation product of TNT and is required for its manufacture. Ortho-Mononitrotoluene (2-NT) and para-mononitrotoluene (4-NT) can be also used as detection taggants for explosive detection. In this study, using the exceptional properties of the SOLEIL synchrotron source, and adapted multipass-cells, gas phase Far-IR rovibrational spectra of different isomers of mononitrotoluene and dinitrotoluene have been investigated. Room temperature Far-IR cross-sections of the 3 isomer forms of mononitrotoluene have been determined for the lowest frequency vibrational bands located below 700 wn.footnote{A. Cuisset, S. Gruet, O. Pirali, G. Mouret, Spectrochimica Acta Part A, 132 (2014) 838-845.} Cross sections and their temperature dependences have been also measured in the Mid-IR using conventional FTIR spectroscopy probing the nitro-derivatives vapors in a heated multipass-cell.
Issue Date:24-Jun-15
Publisher:International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy
Citation Info:ACS
Genre:CONFERENCE PAPER/PRESENTATION
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/79077
Date Available in IDEALS:2016-01-05


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