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 Title: VIBRONIC SPECTROSCOPY OF HETERO DIHALO-BENZYL RADICALS GENERATED BY CORONA DISCHARGE : JET-COOLED CHLOROFLUOROBENZYL RADICALS Author(s): Lee, Sang Contributor(s): Yoon, Young Subject(s): Radicals Abstract: The technique of corona excited supersonic jet expansion coupled with a pinhole-type glass nozzle was applied to vibronic spectroscopy of jet-cooled chlorofluorobenzyl radicals for the vibronic assignments and measurements of electronic energies of the D$_1$ $rightarrow$ D$_0$ transition. The vibronic emission spectra were recorded with a long-path monochromator in the visible region. The 2,3-, 2,4-,footnote{C.~S.~Huh, Y.~W.~Yoon, and S.~K.~Lee, textit{J. Chem.~Phys.} underline{textbf{136}}, 174306 (2012).} and 2,5-footnote{S.~Y.~Chae, Y.~W.~Yoon, and S.~K.~Lee, textit{Chem.~Phys.~Lett.} underline{textbf{612}}, 134 (2014).}chlorofluorobenzyl radicals were generated by corona discharge of corresponding precursor molecules, chlorofluorotoluenes seeded in a large amount of helium carrier gas. The emission spectra show the vibronic bands originating from two benzyl-type radicals, chlorofluorobenzyl and fluorobenzyl benzyl radicals, in which fluorobenzyl radicals were obtained by displacement of Cl by H atom produced by the dissociation of methyl C-H bond. From an analysis of the spectra observed, we could determine the electronic energies in D$_1$ $rightarrow$ D$_0$ transition and vibrational mode frequencies at the D$_0$ state of chlorofluorobenzyl radicals which show the origin band of the electronic transition to be shifted to red region, comparing with the parental benzyl radical. The red-shift is highly sensitive to the number, position, and kind of substituents in chlorofluorobenzyl radicals. From the quantitative analysis of the red-shift, it has been found that the additivity rule, discovered recently by Lee group predicts the observation very well. In addition, the negligible contribution of the substituent at the 4-position, the nodal point of the H\"{u}ckel�s molecular orbital theory, can be well describes by the disconnection of substituent from molecular plane of the benzene ring available for delocalized $pi$ electrons. In this presentation, I will discuss the spectroscopic observation of new chlorofluorobenzyl radicals and substituent effect on electronic transition energy which is useful for identification of isomeric substituted benzyl radicals. Issue Date: 23-Jun-15 Publisher: International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy Citation Info: ACS Genre: CONFERENCE PAPER/PRESENTATION Type: Text Language: English URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/79468 Date Available in IDEALS: 2016-01-05
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