Files in this item

FilesDescriptionFormat

application/pdf

application/pdf3023236.pdf (3MB)Restricted to U of Illinois
(no description provided)PDF

Description

Title:A Random First Order Theory of Liquid -Glass Transition
Author(s):Xia, Xiaoyu
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Wolynes, Peter G.
Department / Program:Physics
Discipline:Physics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Physics, Condensed Matter
Abstract:It is believed that all classical fluids could form glasses if cooled sufficiently fast so as to avoid crystallization. Various phenomena including violation of the usual Arrhenius law, stretched relaxations, deviations from the Stokes-Einstein relation in hydrodynamics, and aging have been observed in the laboratory. In this thesis, a microscopically motivated theory of glassy dynamics based on an underlying random first order transition is developed to explain the magnitude and variation of free energy barriers for glassy relaxation. A variety of empirical correlations embodied in the concept of liquid "fragility" are shown to be quantitatively explained by such a model. Fragility parameters, the size of heterogeneities, the degree of stretching of relaxations, and the enhancement of translational diffusion are derived from theory. The wide variety of kinetic behaviors in liquids of quite disparate chemical nature reflects quantitative rather than qualitative differences in their energy landscapes as it turns out.
Issue Date:2001
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:55 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/80474
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3023236
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2001


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics