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Title:Empirical Nanotube Model: Applications to Water Channels and Nano -Oscillators
Author(s):Lu, Deyu
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Schulten, Klaus
Department / Program:Physics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Biomedical
Abstract:To this end, an empirical carbon nanotube model is developed in this thesis to describe the interaction between nanotubes and the biological environment. Special emphasis is placed on an accurate and efficient description of the electrostatics of nanotubes, which plays a key role in determining molecular transport dynamics through nanotubes. In the proposed model, atomic partial charges are calculated from a quantum chemistry approach, and the polarizability of the nanotube is modeled through a self-consistent tight-binding method. The suitability of the model is demonstrated through studies of a nanotube water channel and a K+-nanotube complex. It is found in the former case that atomic partial charges on the tube edges greatly contribute to the total interaction energy, while the polarization of the nanotube lowers the electrostatic energy once a water molecule moves inside the nanotube. In the latter case, quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics simulations reveal that a K+ ion induces a strong dielectric response in the nanotube wall, which helps to trap the ion inside the tube and force the ion to oscillate at a terahertz frequency. Such a nano-oscillator may hold potential applications as a room temperature terahertz wave detector.
Issue Date:2005
Description:87 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2005.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3202135
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2005

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