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Title:A Numerical Study of Three-Dimensional Black Hole Spacetimes
Author(s):Camarda, Karen Dean
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):H. Edward Seidel
Department / Program:Physics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Physics, General
Abstract:We present results from numerical evolutions of vacuum black hole spacetimes in 3D Cartesian coordinates. We first studied the Schwarzschild spacetime, comparing extensively with 1D studies. We show that although accurate 3D evolutions are possible, there are a number of difficulties in evolving 3D black holes, for which we suggest approaches to overcome. With current limits on computer memory sizes, we show that with certain slicing conditions, the black hole can be evolved to about $t= 50M,$ where M is the black hole mass. We also present the first 3D evolutions of colliding black holes, with evolutions of the axisymmetric Misner two-black hole initial data sets. Here we demonstrate that the techniques we developed for the Schwarzschild case carry over to other spacetimes. We also demonstrate the feasibility of extracting gravitational wave signals during 3D evolutions. We present new, fully 3D distorted black hole initial data sets, extending Bernstein's axisymmetric data sets in a straightforward way. Metric functions and waveforms from evolutions of these data sets in the axisymmetric limit are shown to agree with 2D calculations. For evolutions of the non-axisymmetric sets, which are the first truly 3D black hole data sets to be evolved, all non-trivial wave modes through $\ell=4$ are presented. Finally, we point the way towards studying the evolution of these data sets with perturbation theory.
Issue Date:1998
Description:175 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1998.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI9834657
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:1998

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