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Title:Stochastic Models of Surface Limited Electronic and Heat Transport in Metal and Semiconductor Contacts, Wires, and Sheets---Micro to Nano
Author(s):Martin, Pierre Nicolas
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Ravaioli, Umberto
Department / Program:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Discipline:Electrical and Computer Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Physics, Condensed Matter
Abstract:We introduce novel statistical simulation approaches to include the effect of surface roughness in coupled mechanical, electronic and thermal processes in N/MEMS and semiconductor devices in the 10 nm - 1 mum range. A model is presented to estimate roughness rms Delta and autocorrelation L from experimental surfaces and edges, and subsequently generate statistical series of rough geometrical devices from these observable parameters. Using such series of rough electrodes under Holm's theory, we present a novel simulation framework which predicts a contact resistance of 80 mO in MEMS gold-gold micro-contacts, for applied pressures above 0.3 mN on 1 mum x 1 mum surfaces. The non-contacting state of such devices is simulated through statistical Monte Carlo iterations on percolative networks to derive a time to electro-thermal failure through electrical discharges in the gas insulating metal electrodes. The observable parameters L and Delta are further integrated in semi-classical solutions to the electronic and thermal Boltzman transport equation (BTE), and we show roughness limited heat and electronic transport in rough semiconductor nanowires and nano-ribbons. In this scope, we model for the first time electrostatically confined nanowires, where a reduction of electron - surface scattering leads to enhanced mobility in comparison to geometrical nanowires. In addition, we show extremely low thermal conductivity in Si, GaAs, and Ge nanowires down to 0.1 W/m/K for thin Ge wires with 56 nm width and Delta = 3 nm. The dependency of thermal conductivity in (D/Delta)2 leads to possible application in the field of thermoelectric devices. For rough channels of width below 10 nm, electronic transport is additionally modeled using a novel non-parabolic 3D recursive Green function scheme, leading to an estimation of reduced electronic transmission in rough semiconductor wires based on the quantum nature of charge carriers. Electronic and thermal simulation schemes are finally extended to such 2D semiconductor materials as graphene, where low thermal conductivity is approximated below 1000 W/m/K for rough suspended graphene ribbons in accordance with recent experiments.
Issue Date:2010
Description:156 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2010.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3455826
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2010

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