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Title:A Data-Quality Driven Framework for Data Dissemination in Wireless Sensor Networks
Author(s):Chen, Wei-Peng
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Jennifer C. Hou
Department / Program:Computer Science
Discipline:Computer Science
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Computer Science
Abstract:In this thesis we propose a comprehensive data-centric information processing and dissemination framework for sensor networks. We consider two main research issues in this thesis: (T1) light-weight coordination mechanisms among sensors to collect valuable information from the environment and ( T2) efficient dissemination methods to deliver the information of the best quality from sensors to subscribers. For the first issue, we propose a self-organized, dynamic clustering approach for target tracking. Coordination between sensors is triggered by the events of interests and a cluster consisting of a leader and several sensors is formed dynamically. With the use of a probabilistic leader volunteering procedure and a sensor replying method based on the quality of data, the proposed dynamic clustering algorithm effectively eliminates contention among sensors and renders more accurate estimates of target locations. For the second issue, we consider the problems of routing and data transport and formulate as a utility-based optimization problem, with the objective of maximizing the amount of information (utility) collected at sinks (subscribers), subject to flow conservation, channel bandwidth, and energy constraints. Both the centralized and distributed approaches are devised to solve the optimization problem. To validate the design and to empirically study the performance of the proposed works, we implement a subset of acoustic tracking and utility-based data transport components on the Motes testbed, and demonstrate the value of incorporating information quality in data transport.
Issue Date:2004
Description:141 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2004.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3153266
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2004

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