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Title:A New IRT Approach to Test Construction and Scoring Designed to Reduce the Effects of Faking in Personality Assessment: The Generalized Graded Unfolding Model for Multi -Unidimensional Paired Comparison Responses
Author(s):Stark, Stephen Edward
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Drasgow, Fritz
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Psychology, Personality
Abstract:Responses to personality items can be influenced by motivational factors present in the testing situation. In employment settings, individuals may fake good to raise their scores and increase their chances of being hired; in judicial settings, individuals may fake bad to lower their scores and reduce the likelihood of being judged mentally competent. Historically, researchers have tried to reduce the untoward effects of faking by using post hoc score adjustments, based on social desirability scores, but these approaches have had little salutary effect on validity and utility. Consequently, this research focuses on developing personality items and tests that are fake-resistant. Paired comparison responses to personality items, consisting of pairs of statements on different dimensions, which are similar in social desirability, are scored using a new multi-unidimensional item response theory model, called the GGUM-MU. Equations for the GGUM-MU item response and information functions are derived, a statistical method for examining model-data fit is illustrated, and the results of simulation studies to investigate the accuracy of a Bayes modal latent trait estimation procedure for one- and two-dimensional tests of various lengths are presented. The potential application of the GGUM-MU approach to personality test construction in organizational settings is also addressed.
Issue Date:2002
Description:124 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2002.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3044232
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2002

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