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Title:Extraversion and Positive Affect
Author(s):Shao, Liang
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Ed Diener
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Psychology, Personality
Abstract:Study 1 was conducted to administer personality trait scales and subjective well-being measures to 6949 individuals in 41 nations. The study replicated many previous findings and examined whether a strong, positive relation between extraversion and positive affect is a cross-cultural universal, and how cultural dimensions (individualism versus collectivism, and power distance) influence the size of the extraversion-happiness relation. It was found that the relation between extraversion and pleasant affect replicated across diverse cultures, and one of culture dimensions--individualism (not power distance)--had significant effect on the size of this relation. Several hypotheses about why extraversion relates with pleasant affect were tested in the present study, and plausible reasons for the relation between extraversion and affect were fully discussed in cross-cultural perspective. The findings in this international sample suggest that the extraversion-happiness relation is determined by multiple-processes. College students (N = 121) were employed in the U.S. in Study 2 to examine the validity of the extraversion measures. It was found that the extraversion scale used in the cross-cultural study possessed good validity and moderately high reliability.
Issue Date:1998
Description:106 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1998.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI9834740
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:1998

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