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Title:Effect of Additives and Substrate Resistance on Shape Evolution During Electrodeposition: Nucleation, Growth and Trench Infill for Copper Interconnects
Author(s):Qin, Yan
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Alkire, Richard C.
Department / Program:Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Discipline:Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Chemical
Abstract:Cu nucleation and growth on resistive thin gold and ruthenium films was carried out in a electrochemical cell. A current pulse technique was found to produce a higher nucleation density that served to reduce the terminal effect and to result in more uniform deposit thickness and coalesce more rapid across the entire resistive strip. The best results were obtained with high PEG/C1- and low SPS concentration, and with a current pulse regime of 40 mA/cm2 for 0.1 s and -0.0006 A for 1 s. The current pulse technique could also produce denser nuclei number at the location near the far end of Ru films than the steady galvanostatic deposition.
Issue Date:2006
Description:201 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2006.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3242968
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2006

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