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Title:Specific Roles of Kal-1 in Olfaction: A Model of Kallmann Syndrome in Drosophila
Author(s):Ozawa, Rie
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Stephanie Ceman
Department / Program:Neuroscience
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Biology, Neuroscience
Abstract:The X chromosome-linked form of Kallmann syndrome (KS) is caused by disruption of the Kal-1 gene, which encodes a secreted protein called Anosmin-1. The definitive features of the KS phenotype are anosmia and hypogonadism. Despite high conservation of the Kal-1 gene from invertebrates to vertebrates, the Kal-1 homolog in mice has not been identified. The unavailability of an animal model has hampered research on the disease in vivo. Hence, little is known about the cellular processes and molecular functions underlying KS. Here, I isolated a Drosophila kal-1 null mutant, which removes the entire kal-1 coding region. Antibody staining shows that Anosmin-1 specifically localizes to the dendrites of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) throughout development. The dendrites of ORNs sense odorants in the environment including the Drosophila melanogaster male-specific pheromone 11-cis-vaccenyl acetate, which is known to inhibit male-male mating behaviors. Interestingly, mutant males that lack kal-1 function inappropriately court other males. These results imply a possible role of kal-1 in mating behaviors in part by mediating pheromone perception.
Issue Date:2008
Description:92 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2008.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3347493
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2008

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