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Title:Welfare Impacts of Alternative Public Policies for Environmental Protection in Agriculture in an Open Economy: A General Equilibrium Framework
Author(s):Taheripour, Farzad
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Nelson, Charles H.
Department / Program:Agricultural and Consumer Economics
Discipline:Agricultural and Consumer Economics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Political Science, Public Administration
Abstract:In contrast to previous studies in the field of environmental regulation in the presence of distortionary income taxes, this dissertation shows that examined policies, except for land retirement, may generate a double-dividend (an economic gain over and above the environmental gains) for two main reasons: pre-existing agricultural support subsidies and exports of agricultural products. The extent of the welfare gains differ across policies and with the nitrogen reduction target. In addition, this dissertation shows that a two-part instrument (a combination of implementable market based policies which restrict crop production and encourage farmers to reduce applied nitrogen) can be used to reduce agricultural pollution. The two-part instruments can be defined in terms of a budget reform in agricultural subsidies. Furthermore, this dissertation illustrates that when land and nitrogen fertilizer are substitutable, retiring croplands may raise the demand for nitrogen and cause more nitrogen pollution. It also shows that taxing applied nitrogen may perform better than taxing nitrogen pollution in the presence of agricultural subsidies in an open economy.
Issue Date:2006
Description:159 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2006.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3250330
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2006

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