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Title:Investigation of Partial Contributing Areas in Watersheds With a Conjunctive Surface Subsurface Flow Model
Author(s):Lian, Yanqing
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Valocchi, Albert J.; Kumar, Praveen
Department / Program:Civil and Environmental Engineering
Discipline:Civil and Environmental Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Abstract:This research developed a physically based conjunctive flow model (CFM) coupling two-dimensional surface three-dimensional subsurface transport to simulate the total runoff in watersheds. In conjunction with the CFM, an overland flow-tracking program (OFTP) was developed to compute the PCA under the proposed definitions. The model can compute the saturated area (SA), and can separate the total PCA-1 and PCA-2 into the fraction due to saturation overland flow and Hortonian overland flow mechanisms. Application of the CFM and the OFTP to the North Creek watershed in Illinois proved that the CFM is applicable to a real watershed with reasonable accuracy for flow simulations, and also that the PCAs in a real watershed can be computed with scientific and meaningful definitions. This research also showed that the SA in a real watershed was often larger than the PCA. Theoretically, the PCA-2 and SA values would be identical if the entire SA were to contribute flow to the total runoff. Most importantly, the comparison of PCA from the CFM and from the TOPMODEL indicated that TOPMODEL PCA belongs to PCA-2. The SA is often used as the actual PCA in many hydrologic models, which can potentially overestimate the runoffs.
Issue Date:2004
Description:143 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2004.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3153363
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2004

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