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Title:Single- and Two -Photon Fluorescence for the Detection of Nitric Oxide in an Optically-Accessible Direct -Injection Diesel Engine
Author(s):Martin, Glen Clifford
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Chia-Fon F. Lee
Department / Program:Mechanical Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Automotive
Abstract:Second, a two-photon NO LIF technique was developed and applied to study NO concentrations within the cylinder of the SCORE. This represents the first known application of two-photon NO LIF in an internal-combustion engine. The technique avoids many of the problems associated with in cylinder, single-photon NO PLIF measurements including: (1) fluorescence interference from the Schumann-Runge bands of hot O2, (2) broadband absorption of a UV excitation beam by in cylinder gases, and (3) difficulty rejecting scattered laser light while simultaneously maximizing fluorescence signal collection. A group of twelve closely spaced rotational lines in the A2Sigma +--X2pi (0,0) band of NO, consisting of P1 + O21(7.5--10.5), P2 + Q 12(22.5), O1(3.5), and S2(6.5) at 452.724 nm vac, coincident with the P1 bandhead was chosen for excitation. Two-photon NO LIF images were acquired throughout the combustion, expansion, and exhaust portions of the engine cycle providing useful NO fluorescence signal levels from 60° after top-dead-center through the end of the exhaust stroke. Verification that the signal resulted from NO was provided by tuning the laser to a vibrational offline wavelength. This resulted in near-zero signal levels from fluorescence and interference at in cylinder pressures greater than 20 bar. The in-cylinder two-photon NO LIF measurements were compared with chemiluminescence NO/NOx exhaust-gas measurements and showed good agreement over a wide range of engine loads from 1.4 to 16 bar gIMEP.
Issue Date:2004
Description:167 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2004.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3153376
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2004

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