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Title:Development of Novel Piezo-Driven Parallel-Kinematics Micropositioning Stages
Author(s):Yao, Qing
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Ferreira, Placid M.
Department / Program:Mechanical Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Engineering, Mechanical
Abstract:To solve the above problems, we proposed novel designs for micropositioning stages. The key idea is to build the stages based on parallel kinematic mechanisms (PKM) that are more suitable for micropositioning than their serial counterparts. In order to further improve their kinematic and dynamic performance, the stages are built as monolithic systems by using flexure hinges as their motion joints, completely eliminating friction and backlash. These stages are driven by piezoelectric actuators which greatly enhance the bandwidth and positioning resolution. Our work addresses challenges in synthesizing, analyzing and manufacturing the novel piezo-driven parallel kinematic micropositioning stages. A meso-scale XY stage is firstly designed and fabricated by wire-EDM. The stage is tested in open-loop and closed-loop modes and its dynamic model was established based on the experiment data. It can move within a 87mum by 87 mum square with over 500Hz bandwidth along any in-plane directions. The work was extended to develop an XYZ stage, which features a similar but far more complex design. Numerical simulation is used for its kinematics and dynamics analysis. The design of the XY stage is further combined with microfabrication techniques to develop an XY stage made from single crystal silicon to achieve better performance and compatibility with MEMS devices. In addition to the development of the above stages, auto-calibration procedures and set-ups were proposed to allow these stages to be calibrated automatically and routinely using low-cost embedded calibration/sensing module. The mathematical validity of the procedures is proved by computer simulation. Ideas for future development of parallelkinematics micropositioning stages are also discussed.
Issue Date:2007
Description:242 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2007.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3270060
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2007

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